How To Landscaping - Site Preperation

  1. Take a good look at your site from as many directions as possible and ask some simple questions
  2. How bumpy is it? -- You may need to level out the ground, remove plants, debris etc before proceeding.
  3. Is there a steep slope? -- If the ground is too steep it may be unsuitable for your project or a retaining wall may be required to adjust the level before you can proceed.
  4. Are there any service covers? -- service covers will need to remain accessible, if you are going to build above ground level near the cover, you should check local planning regulations before proceeding.
  5. Are there any below surface pipes or cables that you need to take extra care with.
  6. If you are working next to a building, how far below the damp proof course (DPC) is the ground? -- Building regulations require a gap of 15cm (6") two standard brick courses between DPC and the ground, any less than this could lead to damp in the building
  7. Once you know your site and you're satisfied that it is suitable, you can begin preparation work.
  8. Mark out the area you will be working in (see setting out).
  9. Clear the area to a suitable depth, this may be the existing ground level or at a depth below ground level, depending on your project.
  10. Adjust any adjoining levels to prevent later problems, i.e. if you are laying turf and an adjoining border is too high, you should throw back the edge now while you have good access, rather than trampling your new turf.
  11. Check that your areas dimensions, depths and falls are correct.
  12. You should now have a nicely defined, smooth area free from debris, weeds etc.
  13. Taking time to get this stage right will ultimately save you time and money. For instance if you don't dig out enough, you won't be able to lay an adequate foundation, if you dig out too deep, you'll need to pay for extra waste disposal, extra foundation material and the work will take you longer.